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Last updated : 20/05/2007

This page is indexed on our home page under Aspect: 4. Information & care sheets and the Section: Tips on Breeding Snakes

Introduction and Index : Tips on Breeding Snakes

In this section on : Tips on Breeding Snakes we present articles and links relative to some of the best information we have come across, that gives good back ground information on the subject. In our section, 8. Links - Species Specific , where we deal with specific links on different species, we may have more information on the breeding of that species.

The subjects covered are the breeding of some snakes species, egg incubation, candling and hatching damaged eggs, preparation of an incubator as well as some very good data on the on longevity & breeding from Zoos by Frank & Kate Slavens
We trust you will find this useful and please feel free to contact us with any comments.


By default all links listed hereunder, open in a new page.

Average Incubation Temperatures and period - Repvet
Books : Designer Morphs by John Berry
The most comprehensive guide in print, listing all proven mutations, morphs & Hybrids of: Ball Pythons Boa Constrictors Blood and Short Tailed Pythons Carpet Pythons Rainbow Boas
Breeding Australian Snakes : Reproductive Biology (1.2MB PDF)
One finding of great interest is that female pythons do not desert the eggs after oviposition (as is the general rule in reptiles), but instead coil around the clutch and defend the eggs against potential predators. In some, and perhaps all species, the female warms the clutch by metabolic heat production through muscular contractions of her body ("shivering thermogenesis")
Breeding Australian Snakes : Size and Breeding Information
Minimum breeding sizes have been extrapolated based on 75% of the average adult size as indicated in the notes accompanying the appendix. Rick has asked us to point out that some species attain very different adult body sizes in different parts of their geographic range, so these numbers will provide a general guide only.
All lengths are Snout to Vent Length (SVL) in centimeters and based on average adult size.
Breeding Ball Pythons - Links to information on breeding
A further series of links from us presented on a separate page or section.
Breeding Boids by Boas and
Eventually most of us progress to the stage where we want to breed our pet pythons or boas. Sometimes its so that our hobby can generate a little money to start paying for itself and sometimes its just because of the challenge of breeding and propagating our captives.
Whatever the motivation it can turn out to be rewarding, or fruitless and frustrating depending on how much we know about the process and how quickly we gather experience.
Breeding Carpet Pythons
Aussie Reptile Keeper: Encyclopedia
Species Database Caresheet Database Information Sheet Database
Breeding Colubrid Snakes
This document, written by Steven T. Osborne, was originally published as a 4 part series in the 1982 edition ( Volume 4: Number 3,4,7, & 9 ) of the San Diego Herpetological Society Newsletter.
Part I. A Brief History Part II. Annual Cycles and Breeding Techniques Part III. Preparing for Egg Laying and Hatching of Eggs Part IV. Raising of Hatchlings to Adult Breeding Size
Breeding with related bloodlines by
Aspiring breeders often debate over whether it is advisable to acquire several animals from the same litter. It is a fact that the successful breeding of unrelated animals promotes and maintains genetic variety. Unfortunately, purebred boas and pythons are not produced in a manner that would allow for the attitude: In order to avoid inbreeding, Im going to take the female from breeder A and the male from breeder B. Most of the time, someone who is interested in a somewhat rare species or subspecies of boa or python has to be glad if a) there is a successful breeder in Germany, and if b) there still are specimens available from that litter
Eggs : Are the eggs fertile? - Snake egg candling
Antaresia - snake egg candling
So, your snake laid eggs. How to make sure they are viable ? The only method for this is candling. It is a routine check performed for chicken eggs on farms. It is a simple and non-intrusive procedure.
Eggs : Python Egg Incubation by Bob Clark
March 2006 - Python Egg Incubation : Article by Bob Clark
Eggs have certain requirements, and once they are met, a good, viable egg will hatch. There are many ways to get from point A to point B, and the egg doesnt care how as long as it gets what it needs.
Egg requirements fall mostly into two categories: temperature and humidity. And for most species of python eggs, the requirements are identical: a temperature of 90 degrees Fahrenheit combined with high humidity.
Eggs : Set up an incubator - Reptilia : Incubator Set Up Instructions
The following is a detailed step-by-step guide to setting up your incubator. You should have all of the following items before starting to set up the incubator. [Proceed to Step One]
Eggs : Techniques for the Successful Incubation of Python Eggs
Vermont Herpetology - Python Egg Incubation
The captive propagation of many snakes reduces stress on wild animals and provides a large supply of healthy animals that enables a greater chance of success in keeping a species in captivity. As such, many snakes are bred in captivity by amateur and professional herpetologists alike. The Python family (Pythonidae) are an incredibly popular group of snakes and most species are currently bred in captivity to a greater or lesser degree
Eggs : incubation technique of damaged egg - Brian Barnett
Captive breeding and a novel egg incubation technique of the Childrens Python (Liasis childreni)
By Brian Barnett, Australia
(Originally Published with 4 b/w illustrations in Herpetofauna 11 (2), 28 February 1980, pp. 15-18)
Python reproductive physiology - notes of a Dave Barker lecture
Python reproductive physiology by Winslow Murdoch
My recollections having attended Dave Barkers lecture At the Mid Atlantic show, I had the chance to hear a great lecture (by Dave Barker) on reproductive biology of pythons. He had great slides of actual developing (but dead) eggs, ovarian function, and anatomy. Unfortunately, all the pictures came as a direct cause of death by natural causes to various desirable pythons, but when you have over a thousand snakes, s#%* happens! I also learned a few pearls that some of you might find interesting.
Scenting Eggs for Embryonic Training
Many species have particular food preferences as juveniles that are not shared by the adults. So it may be possible for us to successful keep the adults but then find that it is impossible to get subsequent hatchlings to feed voluntarily. A good example is the African Tiger snake, Telescopus semiannulatus, adults of which has been persuaded to initially, take small mice using the new T-Rex Lizard Maker scent, and then subsequently transferred to taking unscented small mice without further problem.
VMS - "The Learning center"
"The Learning Center" is our favorite place. We've provided numerous original articles, care sheets for many species, and several useful links to websites containing information for the serious enthusiast and beginner alike.
Zoo records on longevity & breeding data - Frank & Kate Slavens
Our interest is in the long term maintenance and breeding of reptiles and amphibians in captivity. We plan to provide you with longevity records for all species of reptile or amphibian. In our book we only have room to list the top two longevity records. Here on the web we can list many more. Because the records span over many years and because some wish to remain anonymous, a few of the addresses and phones may be out of date.

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Last update : 20/05/2007