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Last updated : 01/04/2007

This page is indexed on our home page under Aspect: 4. Information & care sheets and the Section: Health Issues

MBD (Metabolic Bone Disease)

What is MBD (Metabolic Bone Disease)?

Metabolic Bone Disease is the lack of calcium or the imbalance of  it resulting in softening of the bones that will eventually lead to a death, and is caused by one or more of the following:- 

  • insufficient calcium in the diet
  • improper ca:phos ratio in the diet
  • vitamin D3 deficiency in the diet
  • lack of ultraviolet light
  • disease of the intestines, liver or kidneys
  • over supplementing diet leads to toxicity

Carnivorous reptiles are not as prone to metabolic bone disease because they consume whole prey which provides adequate calcium.

Because iguanas are very popular and are susceptible to MBD due to their specific diet/light/environment needs, there are a large number of cases seen in iguanas.


Links to Articles 

Metabolic Bone Disease - Calcium Deficiency by the Winter Park Veterinary Clinic -  Link to article

Kidney Failure/ Metabolic Bone Disease/ Vitamin D Supplements by Tricia's Water Dragon.com

- Link to these articles

Adobe Animal Hospital - Link to their article

Melissa Kaplan Identification and treatment of metabolic bone disease by Melissa Kaplan - Link to this article

Exoticpets  A Common, Serious, and Preventable Disease in Pet Reptiles - Link to this article

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Last update : 01/04/2007